Basic Introductions – am/is/are ?Questions? What …? Who …?

To be is the most common verb in the English language, but it doesn’t always look like “be”, it changes – a lot.

Singular = 1 Plural = 1+
I am You are
You are We are
He/she/it is They are

Uses

To be can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb.

Am/Is/Are

Question ? Positive Statement + Negative Statement –
Singular Written Form or spoken for emphasis Contracted
Form (spoken)
Written Form or spoken for emphasis Contracted
Form (spoken)
  Am I? I am I’m I am not I’m not
  Are you? You are You’re You are not You’re not
or
You aren’t
  Is he?
Is she?
Is it?
He is
She is
It is
He’s
She’s
It’s
He is not
She is not
It is not
He isn’t
She isn’t
It isn’t
or
He’s not
She’s not
It’s not
Plural
  Are we? We are We’re We are not We aren’t
or
We’re not
  Are you? You are You’re You are not You’re not
or
You aren’t
  Are they? They are They’re They are not They aren’t
or
They’re not

Examples

The verbs am / is / are are used with:-

Am/Are Is
a noun group Are you an English teacher? Mr Bean is an English teacher.
an adjective I‘m tired. She‘s English.
an expression of place or time They‘re at home. It‘s nine o’clock.
an expression of age I‘m 44. He‘s two years old.
when forming the present continuous tense We‘re learning English. She‘s teaching English.
Am/Are Is
Question – ? Am I disturbing you?” “Is this your coat?”
Positive Answer + Yes “Yes you are. We’re very busy.” “Yes, it is”
Negative Answer – No “No you’re not. We aren’t very busy.” “No, it isn’t”